Pre-Clerkship Curriculum


Pre-clerkship courses: (I & II Year - Semester I to IV)

Integrated modular curriculum of applied basic sciences has been proven to be more effective than other conventional methods such as Discipline based curriculum and hence it is introduced in the academic year 2013-14.

Goal

Students will learn and acquire an integrated knowledge of organ evolution, structure and functions and the regulatory mechanism of the human body in the management of health and disease.

Module

Integrated Teaching is made up of 'Modules'. A Module is the smallest unit of curriculum. Each module is based upon organ-system/s of the body and/or processes. In each module, the basic and clinical sciences will be taught in an integrated manner.

Design

The curriculum design has been structured in the following manner:

  • The first year courses consist of four modules viz. Foundation Module, Hematology & Immunology module, Musculoskeletal & Integumentary module and Cardiovascular System module.
  • The second year courses consist of five modules viz Respiratory system module, Endocrinology module, Gastrointestinal System & Nutrition module, Genitourinary System module , Neurology & Behavioral Science Module.


Each of the 'Module' has been explicitly designed to contain the following:

  • Title/theme of the module
  • Learning Outcomes [General]
  • Teaching Schedule [Weekly, along with Specific Learning Outcomes]
  • Credit Hours
  • List of Recommended resource materials

Overview

Distribution of Modules in Year I (Semester I & II) 32 Weeks
  • Semester I Semester II
  • Foundation Module Musculo skeletal & Integumentary module
  • Hematology, Immunology & GeneticsCardiovascular system module
  • * Clinical skills* Clinical skills
* Clinical skills is a separate course and not modular.
Distribution of Modules in Year II (Semester III & IV) 32 Weeks


Curriculum

Year I
  • Course NameCourse DescriptionCode
  • Foundation Module This module provides first-year medical students with basic knowledge of the principles underlying the practice of medicine. These principles are to support the study of the human body in health and disease and prepare the students for system based learning in subsequent modules. These basic principles are Anatomical, Biochemical &Physiological aspects of health, as well as the principles of Pathophysiology, Microbiology and Pharmacology in diseased states. Clinical skills are also introduced in this module.
    Clinical relevance is emphasized throughout the module which will enhance the student’s understanding, retention and application of critical basic sciences concepts.
    It also teaches to differentiate between normal and abnormal tissues, pathogens and diagnostic tests and relate their diagnostic importance in future clinical practice.
    It emphasizes performing appropriate medical procedures with the help of mannequins and demonstrates a professional attitude, team building spirit and good communication skills through effective participation in cooperative problem solving, especially in small group exercises directed towards understanding the basic science basis of the disease and diagnosis.
    MFM 118
  • Hematology, Immunology & Genetics This module starts with basics of genetics related to human growth and development, highlights the molecular basis of genetic disorders, prevalent all over the world and gulf countries in particular.
    This module builds upon origin and differentiation of hematopoietic cells. It highlights the morphology and function of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets along with biochemical and pathological mechanisms associated with different types of hematological diseases. It also covers interpretation of laboratory investigations, therapeutic uses of hematopoietic drugs and fibrinolytic inhibitors.
    It emphasizes the different components of the immune system, the fundamentals of immunologic tissue injury and the mechanisms underlying the disorders of the immune system. Immune response to bacterial, viral, fungal, parasitic infections and pharmacological basis of using antihistamines, Immunosuppressants and antivirals drugs in immunological diseases are discussed.
    It also covers the teaching of appropriate medical procedures with the help of mannequins and Interpreting patient laboratory data and obtaining an accurate and comprehensive history - both for diagnosing disease and understanding the patient’s experience of illness.
    MHI 119
  • Musculoskeletal & Integumentary Module This module consists of the study of musculoskeletal & Integumentary systems during Health and disease conditions. The teaching will be for 4-5 weeks duration. The methodology adopted for this module apart from didactic lectures will be case based learning, and Team based learning. The laboratory exercises include demonstration of prosected/dissected cadaveric specimens from upper limb regions and lower limb regions. The study of the module includes the pathological conditions of muscles, bones, joints, and skin and breast tissue. The microbiological conditions associated with the systems are also taught. The module will be covering the study of drugs involved in various abnormal conditions of the musculoskeletal & Integumentary systems. The Imaging studies and forensic medicine topics are also included wherever necessary.The co-requisite is the clinical skills training in examination of musculoskeletal and integumentary systems; the students will learn how to examine a case of musculoskeletal system during health and accidents. MMS 118
  • Cardiovascular System Module Cardiovascular system module commences with an account of the anatomy of heart with regard to its development, gross features, nerve supply, blood supply and surface anatomy. Subsequently normal physiology of cardiac output, venous return, blood pressure and their regulation; the physiological basis for hemodynamics and cardiac cycle; the regulation of the coronary circulation and the role of microcirculation and physiological basis of edema; electrophysiology of the heart, physiological basis for normal and abnormal ECG should be studied in appropriate weeks. Similarly, the biochemical importance of lipids and lipoproteins in relation to atherosclerosis; the pathogenesis, pathological features, clinical manifestations and complications of common cardiovascular diseases should be studied. The module concludes with an outline on principles of management of common cardiovascular disorders including the classification, mechanism of action, pharmacological effects, relevant pharmacokinetics, important adverse drug reactions, indications and contraindications of drugs used in cardiovascular disorders. This knowledge would be a basis for the diagnosis, prevention and the treatment of hypertension, arrhythmias, ischemic heart disease, valvular heart diseases and deep vein thrombosis. MCV 118
Year II